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CA9 on Departure Bar, Sua Sponte Reopening: Balerio Rubalcaba v. Garland

June 02, 2021 (1 min read)

Balerio Rubalcaba v. Garland

"This case presents the question whether the departure bar limits an IJ’s ability to reopen immigration proceedings sua sponte. We have jurisdiction to review questions of law under 8 U.S.C. § 1252(a)(2)(D), and we conclude that the departure bar does not apply in the context of sua sponte reopening. That is, an IJ’s discretion to reopen a case on his or her own motion is not limited by the fact that a noncitizen has previously been removed or has departed from the United States. Therefore, we grant the petition for review."

[Hats off to Elsa Martinez!]