In a legal context, “Discovery” is when all the parties involved in a legal dispute are required to share and exchange relevant legal information and accepted facts of a case. This is also the time in which each party typically obtains and reveals all of the evidence they plan to use in court to bolster their legal arguments.
Either party can request documents and gather additional information. It is even possible for a party to request admission of some (or all) culpability for a particular aspect of a case.
Discovery is an important and mandatory process, and it’s commonly used to help legal professionals determine their next steps. That’s because, after discovery, the parties are better able to assess the probability of their success. It also means that many cases are often settled after discovery via the Summary Judgement process—skipping a potentially lengthy (and costly) court battle.
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