CINCINNATI - Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan (BCBSM) violated its fiduciary duties under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act by discretionarily setting and billing a self-funded benefits fund for a cost-transfer subsidy fee to satisfy its obligation to the State of Michigan, the Sixth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals ruled July 18 in affirming summary judgment to the fund (Pipefitters Local 636 Insurance Fund, et al. v. Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Michigan, No. 12-2265, 6th Cir.; 2013 U.S. App. LEXIS 14517).